Facts about Rape & Sexual Assault
The following facts were obtained from the CDC's National Center of Injury Prevention and Control web site at http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/factsheets/rape.htm.
Data from the National Women's Study, a longitudinal telephone survey of a national household probability sample of women at least 18 years of age, show 683,000 women forcibly raped each year and that 84% of rape victims did not report the offense to the police.
Using Uniform Crime Report data for 1994 and 1995, the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that of rape victims who reported the offense to law enforcement, about 40% were under the age of 18, and 15% were younger than 12.
In a national survey 27.7% of college women reported a sexual experience since the age of fourteen that met the legal definition of rape or attempted rape, and 7.7% of college men reported perpetrating aggressive behavior which met the legal definition of rape.
The adult pregnancy rate associated with rape is estimated to be 4.7%. This information, in conjunction with estimates based on the U.S. Census, suggest that there may be 32,101 annual rape-related pregnancies among American women over the age of 18.
Non-genital physical injuries occur in approximately 40% of completed rape cases.18 As many as 3% of all rape cases have non-genital injuries requiring overnight hospitalization.
Estimates of the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases resulting from rape range from 3.6% to 30%. HIV transmission risk rate from rape is estimated at 1 in 500, although a few probable cases have been documented in Sweden and Great Britain.
The remaining facts were gathered from a variety of sources, noted per each citation.
2/3 of all rapes and rape attempts occur at night with the largest proportion occurring between 6 p.m. and midnight. (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1991)
Almost half of all rape victims are in the lowest third of income distribution. (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1991)
1 in 4 women college students was found to be a victim of rape or attempted rape in a national study involving 32 college campuses (Koss, 1988).
In Virginia, 77% of rape victims last year knew their attacker (Virginians Aligned Against Sexual Assault, 1990).
55% of women involved in date rape had been drinking or using drugs. (Illinois Coalition Against Sexual Assault, 1993.)
In approximately half of all female rapes the victim knew the offender. Strangers used some type of weapon in 29% of offenses, compared to 17% by non-stranger rapists.(Bureau of Justice Statistics, Nov.1993)
In a UCLA study, 35% of college-age men said that they would violently rape if they knew that they could get away with it (Malamuth and Donerstein).
25% of the women who reported the rape did not report until over 24 hours after the rape occurred.
The rate of sexual assault in the United States is the highest of any industrialized nation in the world. (Reiso and Roth, 1993)
Victims of rape are three times more likely than non-victims to experience a major depression. The attempted rate of suicide is 13 times higher than that of non-victims. (Rape in America, National Victim Center, 1992)
average rape or attempted rape costs $5,100 in tangible, out-of-pocket
expenses. Medical and mental health care to victims represents the bulk of
these expenses. However, if rape's effect on the victim's quality of life is
quantified, the average rape costs $87,000 annually. (Victim Costs and
Consequences, National Institute of Justice, 1996)
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